Indentation and bleeding in the most popular print

2022-07-29
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Indentation and bleeding in printing

people often say that there are seven parts of plate making and three parts of printing. Ingenious use of some skills in the process of plate making can often make the finishing point for printing. Therefore, if you want to be an excellent designer and plate maker, you must be very familiar with the whole process of printing before you can make a printing plate that meets the requirements of various original copy, and finally realize the fidelity of printing to original copy

whether offset printing, flexo printing, gravure printing or silk printing, obtaining rich colors cannot be realized by a single color. The main moving parts are made of wear-resistant materials. Many colors can only be restored to approximate the original color through more than two colors

next, the author will talk about the application of indentation and bleeding in the process of plate making from specific examples for reference

I. indenting technology

indenting technology refers to that, for two-color or multi-color superimposed graphics and text, the printing plate of the previous color plate is slightly indented on the basis of the original size according to the color separation sequence of some graphics and text according to the actual situation during plate making, so as to facilitate accurate overprint during printing and make the graphics and text more realistic. For example, the Chinese environmental protection marks on various packages on the market are overprinted in green, yellow and gold. In actual printing, many prints are difficult to be delivered to users due to inaccurate overprint when green and yellow are superimposed into green, resulting in great losses. Some people think that spot color green can be used to solve this problem. However, whether the spot color green can be added depends on whether the printing equipment of the enterprise has enough color decks to realize this process. How to solve the problem if the color groups of the four-color, six color, eight color and even ten color printing machines are full? In addition, there are at least two disadvantages for each color increase: first, the cost increases; The second is to increase the difficulty of printing operation

in this case, it is a good method to apply indentation technology in the plate making process. In plate making, the yellow version or the green version is indented, so the problem of inaccurate overprint can be easily solved

in addition, at present, the characters on many packages are also made of multi-color overprint. According to common sense, color separation overprint is not advocated. According to the data, the image overprint error in color printing is less than 0.3mm, which is not obvious to human eyes. When the text overprint error is about 0.1mm, it is easy for human eyes to detect. However, in some cases, in order to highlight the artistic effect of words, when color separation overprint must be used, indentation technology can be used in plate making to reduce the printing difficulty

II. Bleeding technology

simply speaking,

bleeding technology refers to the expansion of some color plates in the original design size by a certain proportion according to the actual situation during color separation and plate making in order to ensure the stability of the original design size in post press processing. Modern packaging is not only through a single printing, but also through many processes from printing to finished products, such as compounding and bag making in flexible packaging, glazing, film covering and die cutting in paper packaging. These processes may lead to large errors between the design size and the actual size. Therefore, it is necessary to apply bleeding technique reasonably according to different designs. For example, the main color of many flexible packaging is full-size field. In order to ensure composite in plate making, we must be brave in the tide of digitalization, and the stability of the basic size in the process of applying experimental force to the cutting and bag making imported ball screw. During electric engraving, the main color plate is expanded outward by 1.5 ~ 3mm, so as to ensure that the finished product meets the requirements

there are many technologies in the process of plate making, such as trapping and incremental printing. If they can be flexibly applied, it will be easier to achieve faithful reproduction of the original and make customers more satisfied

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